Man has always wanted to live on high ground so what drew our ancestors choose Tonbridge. Many thousands of years ago before the town of Tonbridge even existed I would have surrounded by thick woodlands and marshy ground. The Fresh water streams running of the hills through a valley spilling over into the river. With both high and low grounds, you would have been able to cross the river in many places due to the ballast and shingle washed down from the hills over many years, making gravel beds and shallow water. The surrounding woods covered in wild berries housed a variety of wild animals such as deer, wild boar & wild foul ducks pheasants and many varieties of fish in the river.
Even today we find some old names that describe the land of Tonbridge and the areas in which we live like dry hill in the north part of Tonbridge Dry hill meaning high ground, also The River at haysden called the shallows because of its gravel beds for crossing. The river Medway we know today had been widened over the years would have been shallow with crossing points. About 10,000 BC, at the start of the Neolithic Age, a new lifestyle began to start. While the cave man was still hunting and gathering some people began to keep animals and grow food and become farmers (Neolithic Man) Evidence of Neolithic man has been found in Tonbridge.
This farming way of life meant more people began to stay in larger groups and a town or settlement began. In Tonbridge Now that they had become more settled, they were able to make buildings from the woods, and the surrounding forests. They also learned new skills like how to make clay pots and containers for every day use, using the clay from the riverbeds & streams. Wood, stone and bone were also used to make tools. Flint became a very important material from which arrowheads and axes were made for hunting.
This axe head was found in Tonbridge around the castle hill area just outside the town.You made these flint tools by hitting the flint together to shape it into a tool like a scraper or axe. These new skills were learned and passed on throughout generations.